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Hebei Province the first three quarters and then breaking 30 billion U.S. dollar
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With the country in 2010 to promote the implementation of policies of economic growth, the steady recovery in external demand, China's foreign trade in the macro environment continues to improve. China Economic Net reporter learned that in the steel, the strong solar driven by rapid growth, the first three quarters of Hebei Foreign Trade showed renewed growth. According to customs statistics, Shijiazhuang, Hebei Province, the first three quarters this year, import and export volume totaled 30.53 billion U.S. dollars, up 42.1% over last year, has exceeded all import and export volume last year, were flat in 2008, showing a recovery of growth. Exports 16.55 billion U.S. dollars, up 48.4%; imports 13.98 billion U.S. dollars, up 35.4%.

    
First three quarters of the province's foreign trade is mainly characterized by the following characteristics:

    
First, the September import and export scale new high

    
Warmer in 2009 compared with 2010, the performance of more robust foreign trade growth in Hebei Province, the scale showed a significant rise, especially 5,6 months, year on year growth rate of imports and exports were as high as 64% and 57%, and two months export growth are as high as 90%. July from the state of export tax rebate policy adjustment, the province's exports were affected, showing a decline for two consecutive months. The September monthly trade volume reaching new heights, monthly import and export volume 4.17 billion U.S. dollars, of which exports 2.16 billion, imports of 2.01 billion, the chain increased by 19.5%, 19.3% and 19.8%.

    
Second, the general trade, processing trade, rapid growth in both

    
The province's total import and export of general trade, 25.59 billion U.S. dollars, up 43.9%, of which exports 13.24 billion U.S. dollars, imports 12.34 billion U.S. dollars, up 50.9% and 37.1%; processing trade import and export of 4.22 billion U.S. dollars, an increase of 44.2%. $ 2,910,000,000 of which export and import 1.31 billion U.S. dollars, up 42.5% and 48.1%.

    
Third, the major trading nations are to achieve overall growth

    
6.13 billion U.S. dollars of EU imports and exports, an increase of 53.2%, of which exports 4.17 billion U.S. dollars, imports 1.96 billion, up 47% and 68.1%. By iron ore, soybeans and other import large quantities of driving, with Australia, Brazil and other countries trade volume has risen to second and third, three quarters of its 3.68 billion U.S. dollars of bilateral trade, respectively, and 33.3 billion U.S. dollars, an increase of 23.8% and 50 %. Bilateral trade with the U.S. $ 2,980,000,000, an increase of 26.5%, but still its main export, accounting for 7 percent share. The first three quarters of Russia's rapid export growth, export 1.03 billion U.S. dollars, an increase of 1.4 times.

    
Fourth, continued to hold the first foreign-invested enterprises, import and export growth of state-owned enterprises the most significant

    
The first three quarters, the province's total import and export of foreign-invested enterprises reached 12.8 billion U.S. dollars, up 28.9%; private import and export of 9.59 billion U.S. dollars, up 48.4%; state-owned enterprises import and export of 7.43 billion U.S. dollars, an increase of 61.5%.

    
Fifth, traditional industries such as steel, textiles and clothing as a leader to rise rapidly, and automotive, solar cells are the rapid development of other industries, especially high-tech products export growth in our province straight rise.

    
Electrical and mechanical, high-tech products export to maintain rapid growth. The first three quarters, the province's export of electromechanical products 6.01 billion U.S. dollars, 2.61 billion U.S. dollars of imports, increased by 47.3% and 42.9%; high-tech products export of 2.45 billion U.S. dollars, imports of 1.14 billion, up 75.3% and 34.2%.

    
Main export commodities, steel exports $ 2,810,000,000, an increase of 1.3 times; 1.92 billion apparel exports, textile 970 million U.S. dollars, up 43.7% and 50.4%; diode and similar semiconductor devices (solar wafers) 14.2 billion, up 77.3% ; pharmaceuticals $ 730,000,000, an increase of 11.6%; Auto Parts 480 million U.S. dollars, up 61.2%; car $ 330,000,000, an increase of 65.2%.

    
Main import commodities, imports of 56.4 million tons of iron ore, 68 million U.S. dollars, declined by 10.5%, the amount of increase of 37.4%; food imports 2.43 million tons, 10.5 billion U.S. dollars, decreased by 4.7% value and 5.1%; coal imports 422.5 million tons, 6.7 billion U.S. dollars, up 19.3% and 55.6%; plastics in primary forms 3.1 billion, an increase of 20.8%.

    
According to China Economic Net report, the first three quarters, Hebei Province, to achieve a rapid growth of foreign trade, the task for the whole year to reach, but also for the "Eleventh Five Year Plan" has laid a good foundation to complete, and foreign trade have shown a lot of running uncertainties:

    
First, the export tax rebate adjustment, iron and steel exports were affected

    
July 15, canceled the 45 tariff lines of the steel products export tax rebates, according to June data show that exports of steel have focused on the release of the performance of the export of 725,000 tons of steel monthly, accounting for half of total exports 1 / 4 since September 2008 as the highest, growth of 17%. 7-8 months while the export volume of steel has continued to decline, the chain fell by 47% and 45% decline in September showed improvement, the monthly export chain rose 53%.

    
Second, steel, cement and other information products in the two high and one still account for a large proportion of exports

    
Structure of a single issue is the province's foreign trade remains the "Achilles heel", which iron and steel, cement, plate glass, etc. are important export products of our province, only an export of steel exports now account for 20% of the province, the proportion of increase over last year by about 9 percentage points.

    
Third, the rising pressure of RMB appreciation, the euro fell, increasing pressure on exporters

    
This year, the RMB is expected to rise continued to enlarge, while the euro zone's largest trading partner, Hebei Province sovereign debt crisis, the euro exchange rate falling, and increases the risk of trade in the export business costs and risks.

    
Fourth, the instability of the international market price

    
Since the fourth quarter of 2009, the international market, rapidly rising prices of raw materials such as iron ore rose in May, when high, and since then started its rapid decline in May, up to now has reached 20% decline. The soaring prices of raw materials or seriously affected the speed of procurement and stocking manufacturers, is not conducive to healthy development of enterprises.

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